Pediatric Nurse – What is it All About in 2022?

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    Hello there, welcome to another exciting read!

    In this post, we’ll break down Pediatric Nurse and Pediatric Nursing careers and help you understand the need to become a Pediatric Nurse, the skill and educational requirements, Pediatric Nurse duties, and also the impact on your finances as a healthcare professional.

    We’ll shed light on the following:

    What is a Pediatric Nurse?
    Types of Pediatric Nurses
    What does a Pediatric Nurse Do?
    Scope of Practice 

    Let’s get started!

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      What is a Pediatric Nurse?

      Pediatric Nurses are APRNs (Advanced Practice Registered Nurses) or RNs (Registered Nurses) who choose to specialize in Pediatrics. 

      This enables them to take on tasks in which they may especially work with toddlers, babies, teens, and tweens. 

      Pediatric Nursing requires particular expertise to give the best patient care because there are so many difficulties and illnesses that are specific to developing and growing bodies.

      Pediatric RNs may work in the pediatric department of a hospital, for instance. 

      To practice in this job, they must have at least a Bachelor’s degree in Nursing (BSN), an Associate’s Degree in Nursing (ADN), or a master’s degree in nursing (MSN) and be Registered Nurses.

      There are also Pediatric Nurse Practitioners (PNPs) that conduct extra duties including developmental testing, vaccine administration, and medicine administration. 

      They usually have postgraduate degrees in nursing programs and are expected to pass additional exams (NCLEX-RN) before they may practice.

      Being a Pediatric Nurse requires you to understand the limitations and sensitivities of the age of the kid you’re caring for. 

      You must be an excellent communicator with a soothing bedside style who can educate and inform concerned parents. 

      Helping children grow up strong and big is at the heart of what Pediatric Nurses do every day, making it a vital profession for a healthy population.

      Types of Pediatric Nurses

      There are several types of Pediatric Nurses.

      Let’s look at the different types of Pediatric Nursing specializations:

      Neonatal Nursing

      Neonatal Nurses care and offer home care services to newborn infants who are born prematurely or have health issues such as infections, heart deformities, or birth defects. 

      A Neonatal Nurse will most likely work in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). 

      A Neonatal Nurse’s key responsibilities include:

      • Monitoring newborns’ vital signs In the NICU
      • Working with premature babies and their families who are struggling to transition to life outside of their mother’s womb
      • Providing information to parents about their child’s progress
      • Ensuring that all baby-related equipment is in good functioning order

      Direct Nursing Care (Pediatric Registered Nurse)

      In hospitals and doctor’s offices, a Pediatric Registered Nurse primarily works with children. 

      They do standard examinations on children of all ages. 

      A Pediatric Registered Nurse’s primary responsibility is to provide any necessary care in accordance with the patient’s nursing care plan. 

      A Pediatric Registered Nurse’s key responsibilities include:

      • Keeping track of vital signs
      • Being available to interact with parents when necessary
      • Assisting parents and families in dealing with the stress of a child’s illness
      • Providing children with routine medical examinations
      • Immunizations and developmental screenings
      • Taking care of disorders such as chickenpox

      Palliative Pediatric Nursing

      Palliative Pediatric Nurses provide care for terminally ill children to alleviate their pain and offer the highest quality of care possible while they are alive, grieving with their families, or dying. 

      Palliative Pediatric Nurses have received extensive training in death conversations so that they can explain a child’s situation to his or her family compassionately and efficiently. 

      A Palliative Pediatric Nurse’s key responsibilities include:

      • Ensuring that parents are informed about their child’s condition
      • Collaborating with other healthcare providers to coordinate care
      • Being there in the clinic or at the sick child’s bedside to identify any treatment that is required
      • Providing information to the family so that they can make educated decisions
      • Assisting with medical equipment that is required

      Developmental Disability Nurse

      Developmental Disability Nurses are trained to care for children who have a variety of developmental and mental disorders that affect their capacity to learn and perform fundamental daily activities. 

      Children with developmental disorders such as autism, Down syndrome, Asperger’s syndrome, and Rett syndrome are served by these nurses. 

      A Developmental Disability Nurse’s key responsibilities include:

      • Assisting with feeding and personal hygiene
      • Supporting and educating parents about their child’s developmental handicap
      • Language and communication skills development for children
      • Educating children and their parents about the importance of having the proper medical equipment
      • Assisting in achieving self-sufficiency in mobility

      What Does a Pediatric Nurse Do?

      Every nursing career or position has its own set of job descriptions, but one thing that all Pediatric Nurse jobs have in common is their involvement with children. 

      Pediatric patients, ranging in age from newborn to adolescence, have very different needs and frames of reference than adults. 

      So, while Pediatric Nurses will need the same nursing skills as Adult Nurses, they will also benefit from a background in subjects ranging from cartoon characters and fairy tales to video games and current music.

      Duties will vary depending on the work environment and they include:

      • Administering vaccines and required education
      • Administering therapy and education
      • Examining the health of patients
      • Creating patient-centered nursing care plans
      • Assisting with diagnostic testing and interpreting the results
      • Assisting in the coordination of follow-up medical care
      • Monitoring vital signs
      • Observing behaviors and keeping track of them
      • Performing physical examinations
      • Keeping track of medical history and symptoms
      • Taking blood and urine samples
      • Teaching patients and their families how to deal with diseases and injuries

      While Pediatric Nurses working in a doctor’s office will see patients and families that are very different from those working in a pediatric oncology center or a PICU (pediatric intensive care unit).

      All Pediatric Nurses will need to be able to listen and observe both nonverbal and verbal cues; to understand the unique needs and healing powers of children. 

      And to understand that, while their patients are children, they will also need to extend their care to their families.

      Scope of Practice

      Pediatric Nurse Practitioners have advanced knowledge and practical abilities in the field of child health care, allowing them to deliver a wide range of services to children from birth through young adulthood. 

      These services are centered on disease and disability prevention, health promotion, and health restoration. 

      The PNP works as an interdependent part of the health care team in a number of settings, collaborating with other health professionals to offer health care to children.

      NAPNAP (National Association of Pediatric Nurse Practitioners) increased the scope of practice of the PNP in 2004 to include the provision of care to chronic, acute, and critically ill children, as well as developing a certification exam.

      Pediatric Nurse Skill Requirements

      Pediatric Nurses must possess a diverse set of abilities, including the ability to stay calm under pressure and communicate well with both children and adults.

      Additionally, personal attributes that will enable nurses working with this specific patient population to engage with their patients and provide them with the high level of relatability, compassion, and understanding that they require are beneficial.

      Excellent Pediatric Nurses are empathic,  sensitive, accountable, and emotionally stable.

      Pediatric Nurse Education Requirements

      Becoming a Pediatric Nurse requires a great deal of passion and devotion, and there are numerous steps that must be taken in order to give this specialized care:

      Step 1: Earn a Bachelor of Science in Nursing degree; completion of this full-time four-year program qualifies a person as a Registered Nurse (RN).

      Step 2: Look for an internship where RNs can work with a Pediatric Nurse Practitioner or a doctor.

      This internship will last roughly 3 months and will include both classroom instruction and practical training.

      Step 3: Apply for employment in Pediatric Nursing.

      Pediatric Nurse positions are in high demand, therefore it’s likely that an individual will be able to find one in a short period of time.

      Step 4: Apply for the Pediatric Nursing Accreditation Board’s Certified Pediatric Nurse (CPN) certification (PNCB).

      An individual can apply for this certification after accumulating over 1,800 hours of work experience as a pediatric nurse over a 2-year period. 

      Although the CPN certificate and licensure are entirely voluntary, it significantly improves a nurse’s career mobility, employability, and compensation.

      Additional certification and practical training may be required if a person wishes to further specialize in a certain sort of pediatric nursing.

      Qualities of Pediatric Nurse

      Here are some qualities needed to be a successful Pediatric Nurse Practitioner:

      A Sane Mind

      Parental chatter and doctors yelling orders interrupt the Pediatric Nurse on occasion. 

      It’s noisy in the kids’ hospital. 

      Concern for pediatric patients can quickly spread during a crisis.

      Thus, the nurse’s attitude matters. 

      In an emergency, a Pediatric Nurse must remain cool and reassure the child and family.

      Positivity

      Worry spreads like a virus. 

      As with adults, it is possible that psychological stress slows wound healing in children.

      Nurses who are happy (even in difficult situations) may assist patients. 

      A calm, serene, and joyful Pediatric Nurse can greatly aid patient communication.

      Playing with and Befriending kids

      Child-loving Pediatric Nurses need a natural affinity with their young patients to keep them quiet and entertained. 

      Even sick children can benefit from a little humor from Pediatric Nurses. 

      Toddlers can relax with distractions and play.

      Being confined to a bed and dependent on machinery isn’t fun. 

      Making friends or doing other things reminds them that life is more than medications and oxygen treatments. 

      Every day is a blast. 

      One of the best nursing qualities a pediatric nurse may have is a sense of humor. 

      Keep it fun while maintaining a healthy balance of treatment and enjoyment.

      Carefulness

      Healthcare is a precise field. 

      Even a minor dose error can have a major impact on children. 

      Studies link nurses’ attention to treatment quality. 

      Paying attention to patients’ needs and preferences can help build genuine relationships. 

      Paying attention increases patient outcomes and employee morale.

      Great Mind-set

      Nurses working with children must be strong critical thinkers. 

      A worried or distracted kid may not express their symptoms well. 

      Despite the challenges, a Pediatric Nurse must gather data, especially from family.

      Getting family information during assessment takes expertise and intelligence. 

      Critical nursing skills come into play here. 

      Finding the nuggets of information that could lead to a diagnosis or better care requires calmness, patience, and critical thinking.

      Patience

      If things don’t go as planned, the nurse can lose her calm. 

      Many factors contribute to this, such as children’s lack of emotional expression, parents’ fatigue, and doctors’ lack of teamwork. 

      In a professional setting, putting together all the hints patients drop takes practice, especially when those patients are children. 

      Pediatric patients are often more readily shocked or distracted by their surroundings, making simple answers more difficult. 

      Stress management may help Pediatric Nurses keep their cool.

      Empathy

      A Pediatric Nurse must be kind. 

      A stoic demeanor is unpleasant on any day. 

      Empathy for children and their families will make them more comfortable with the nurse and their condition.

      Endurance

      Nursing work is difficult. 

      Working 12-hour days is typical, but never easy. 

      All of the foregoing put Pediatric Nurses under increased stress. 

      In a world of worn feet and exhausted parents, mental and physical strength helps. 

      Escapism is more common. 

      Pediatric Nurses must take care of themselves mentally and physically to best care for their patients.

      Pediatric Nurse Salary and Job Outlook

      According to the BLS (Bureau of Labor Statistics), the median annual compensation for RNs was $75,400, or $36.25 per hour.

      However, the average Pediatric Nurse salary in the United States is $74,200.

      Keep in mind that a nurse’s salary might vary significantly based on experience and the organization. 

      A School Nurse in a tiny private school, for instance, is likely to make far less than a Pediatric Nurse at a prestigious children’s hospital.

      Because of the looming nursing shortage and the aging population, nursing will be in high demand. 

      RN positions are expected to rise at a rate of 7-9% from 2020 through 2030, which is faster than most occupations. 

      Adding a specialization, such as pediatric nursing, will almost certainly increase job security.

      Pediatric or Children’s Nurses are also in great demand by certain types of employers. 

      Working in a children’s hospital, for instance, is a perfect fit for Pediatric Nurses. 

      You can see why pediatric nursing may be a very satisfying career when you consider that Texas Children’s Hospital in Houston, Boston Children’s Health, and Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia are all on the list of the top 25 Best Hospitals to Work For 2022.

      Specialized talents are also a great approach to standing out as a strong candidate for travel nursing positions. 

      Pediatric Travel Nurses are able to work in a variety of locations across the country on short-term contracts, which are normally for 2-3 months and sometimes longer. 

      Gain experience and certifications in a high-demand field such as pediatrics as this can help you stand out.

      Conclusion

      It’s reassuring to know that there are healthcare professionals that want to help children and their families through difficult times.

      Nursing is a demanding job, but if you have what it takes to succeed, it can be extremely rewarding. 

      Putting forth the effort, whether these top nursing skills come naturally or need to be developed through time, will only benefit your patients and your profession.

      Pediatric nursing offers a wide range of career options, high job satisfaction, and endless learning opportunities.

       It can be tough, but it’s also gratifying, and it’s a terrific career for someone who enjoys working as part of a team.

      FAQs

      References

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