APRN (2022): What is an APRN?

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    Dear esteemed reader, welcome to an engaging and exciting read on Advanced Practice Registered Nursing!

    This article dissects every aspect of the Advanced Practice Registered Nurse (APRN) Nursing Specialty.

    At the end of this piece on “What is an APRN?”, you’ll fully understand what an Advanced Practice Registered Nurse (APRN) is.

    We’ll discuss the following in this piece:

    Overview of Advanced Practice Registered Nurse
    Skills and Competencies
    APRN Roles
    APRN Practice and Supervision Requirements

    Relax and Let’s get started on it!

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      What is an APRN?

      You probably have many unanswered questions about the APRN specialties.

      Some of such questions include: “What does APRN stand for?”

      “What is an APRN CNP?”

      “Is a Nurse Practitioner the same as APRN?”

      “Can APRN prescribe medication?”

      “What is an APRN Doctor?”

      We’ll answer all these questions in this discourse.

      First, APRN stands for Advanced Practice Registered Nurse.

      An APRN is an experienced Registered Nurse providing primary care to the public.

      What is an APRN in Nursing?

      An APRN must have a Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) or Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) in their scope of practice.

      They receive their license through their state board of nursing to serve their patient population.

      You need more than a nursing degree to be an APRN because it’s a specialist role; you must have an in-depth understanding of patient care in your selected specialty.

      In some jurisdictions, Advanced Nurse Practitioners can practice independently and prescribe medications.

      According to the International Council of Nurses (ICN), an APRN is a Registered Nurse (RN) with the clinical competencies, prerequisite knowledge, and advanced decision-making skills for expanded practice.

      From the definition above, APRNs can handle highly complex cases with discretion and independence more than RNs with a Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN).

      This is why it’s essential to meet all education requirements before taking an APRN role.

      Before dropping the curtain on this section, you need to know this:

      Some people also refer to APRN as ARNP, which stands for Advanced Registered Nurse Practitioner.

      There’s no clear-cut difference between APRN and ARNP meanings; it’s like referring to six and half a dozen.

      Hence, the ARNP vs APRN debate is needless.

      Types of Advanced Practice Nursing

      There are four types of APRNs.

      They are Clinical Nurse Specialists, Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists, Certified Nurse-Midwives, and Certified Nurse Practitioners.

      Certified Nurse Practitioners (CNP)

      CNPs have a wide scope of practice in many jurisdictions, ranging from independent practice to prescribing medications.

      Their primary roles include diagnosing chronic diseases, enlightening clients on disease prevention, and primary care delivery.

      Read this article to understand the APRN vs Nurse Practitioner debate.

      Clinical Nurse Specialists (CNS)

      Clinical Nurse Specialists play crucial roles in the entire healthcare spectrum.

      They manage diseases, promote a healthy lifestyle, and ensure the smooth running of the healthcare organization.

      Read more on CNS here.

      Certified Nurse-Midwife (CNM)

      CNMs offer to encompass primary health care services to women in their entire lifespan, such as preconception care, prenatal and postpartum care, family planning, gynecological care, and other aspects of women’s health.

      They also treat male partners of their female patients for reproductive health and sexually transmitted diseases.

      Read this delectable article to have a proper grasp of CNM

      Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist (CRNA)

      CRNAs provide anesthesia care to individuals with immediate or life-threatening injuries or diseases.

      Read this CRNA article to understand everything the CRNA duties entail.

      APRN Practice and Requirements for Supervision

      You can’t fully grasp APRN meaning without a discourse on its practice.

      Some states require APRNs to collaborate with supervising Physicians, while others allow them to work independently.

      Thus, you must find out the modus operandi of your intended state of practice after your MSN APRN not to disregard their provisions.

      Supervision in APRN practice isn’t direct; it’s a collaborative agreement between Nurses and their supervising Physicians.

      However, the National Council of State Boards of Nursing (NCSBN) and other advocacy groups are calling for full independent APRN practice through the Consensus Model due to the present economic realities of healthcare delivery.

      However, this call for freedom will ensure increased commitment to nursing programs and continuing education.

      APRN Practice and Requirements for Supervision

      You must acquire a master’s or doctoral degree and ace the challenging licensure exam.

      Though an MSN is currently the least requirement to earn an APRN title, the NCSBN and the American Association of College of Nursing (AACN) advocate a specialty-focused DNP as the minimum nursing education for this position.

      Hence, if you’re interested in APRN Nursing but have a master’s degree, dust off yourself for a doctoral degree program.

      In fact, the American Association of Nurse Anesthetists (AANA) believes all its members will have the DNP by 2025.

      Duties of APRNs

      Our main preoccupation in this segment is to answer the “what is the role of the APRN?” question.

      The roles of APRNs include:

      • Physical examination of patients
      • Checking and recording of patient’s vital signs and symptoms
      • Conducting diagnostic tests
      • Engaging patients and their families to know their health history
      • Collaborating with the entire healthcare team to deliver sterling services
      • Ordering and interpreting laboratory test results
      • Enlightening patients on healthy lifestyles
      • Development of treatment plans which may include therapies and other medications
      • Following up on patients to know how effective recommended treatment is

      Skills and Competencies

      APRN schooling shouldn’t focus on theories and clinical practices alone; it should also help you develop essential skills and competencies that will give you a highly rewarding career.

      Your APRN degrees are worthless without the prerequisite skills to utilize them.

      Skills that define APRNs include:

      Problem-Solving Skills

      You should identify and describe illnesses based on diagnostic tests, physical assessments, and clinical interviews.

      You must know how to initiate treatment plans after diagnosis.

      Clients will doubt the standards of your certification exam and licensure if you look confused about their issue.

      Your RN license is a mark of competence and excellence, and you must live up to expectations.

      Compassion

      Your job isn’t just to provide critical care to patients; you must also demonstrate compassion.

      For instance, if you’re a Family Nurse Practitioner (FNP), let the family know that you feel their pain and are worried about their ill-health.

      When you’re empathetic about the sick, it psychologically speeds up their recovery process.

      Communication Skills

      You should demonstrate excellent interpersonal, listening, and speaking skills to communicate well with your colleagues, patients, and other stakeholders.

      You may need to collaborate with those in the pediatrics or geriatrics, and communication is the only currency to ensure smooth collaboration.

      You must clearly understand what your patient is saying and communicate instructions without ambiguity.

      Communication also helps APRNs to build trust with patients and their loved ones.

      Communication Skills

      It doesn’t matter whether you’re in Psychiatric Mental Health or Adult-Gerontology; communication will help you serve patients well.

      Nobody wants to be kept in the dark; inform your partners and patients of the level of progress of any given process.

      Leadership Skills

      You should show leadership when collaborating with others in the healthcare team.

      Leadership traits include patience, compassion, attention to detail, selflessness, and a results-oriented mindset.

      Demonstrating leadership is one of the straightforward ways to prove that the credential you earned from the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC) isn’t a waste.

      Apart from national certifications, you can also participate in relevant continuing education classes to sharpen your leadership skills because every APRN is automatically a leader.

      Work Environment

      From the discourse on the APRN Nurse Practitioner job roles, you should have had a hint that they work in different health care settings.

      Primary Care Providers work in private offices, emergency rooms, clinics, and hospitals.

      They also deliver home services to adult patients needing acute care and close monitoring.

      However, your specialty determines the specific place you can work because APRN programs don’t make healthcare providers jacks of all trades.

      APRN Job Outlook

      APRNs have an excellent future in this nursing field.

      According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), there will be a 36% job growth in Advanced Practice Nursing by 2026.

      The prediction shows more demands for APRNs than the average demand for other occupations.

      Factors contributing to the increasing demand for APRNs include a boom in the aging population and preventive healthcare advocacy.

      In addition, many states now allow APRNs to perform different duties, which has enlarged their patient coverage.

      As APRNs are given more freedom to practice independently, there would be more demand for their services.

      Conclusion

      We’ve had an engaging and informative session, but you should know the meaning of other abbreviations to complete the knowledge on this subject matter.

      You should know AANP and APNP meanings.

      AANP means the American Association of Nurse Practitioners; it’s a merger of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners and the American College of Nurse Practitioners in 2013.

      Since its inception, the AANP has given Nurse practitioners well-guided direction, maintaining standards and excellence.

      On the other hand, APNP means Advanced Practice Nurse Prescriber.

      An APNP is a subset of APRNs licensed to prescribe medications to patients.

      Invariably, not all APRNs can prescribe medications!

      In conclusion, Advanced Practice Nursing (APN) is rewarding but highly challenging.

      Thus, you must demonstrate commitment, expertise, and foresight to make headway in this field.

      If you’re up to the challenge, this is the best time to earn an APN degree in a relevant graduate-level course!

      FAQs

      References

      ANA

      Graduate Nursing

      NCSBN

      Nursing License Map

      The Balance Careers

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